警告: 请记住,ReactOS仍处于alpha阶段,这意味着它不是功能完备,不建议天天使用。

系统需求

安装ReactOS的最低要求是:

  • 内存: 至少96 MB,推荐:96 MB

  • 处理器: x86或者x64的建筑,奔腾或晚和兼容机;更多信息 ReactOS港口

  • 硬盘驱动器: IDE / SATA最低650 MB的空闲空间的主分区(请注意,一些SATA控制器可能不使用ReactOS)

    • FAT16 / FAT32主引导分区

  • 视频: VGA兼容的视频卡(VESA BIOS版本2.0或更高版本)

硬件支持

ReactOS有限硬件支持。 列出的硬件测试可以发现以下:

  • 支持的硬件

在安装之前

有几件事需要了解在安装之前ReactOS,甚至获得安装介质。 其中包括如何安装,ReactOS限制的安装和备份现有数据。

安装策略

首先要考虑的是是否安装ReactOS专用试验机或在包含环境中,如运行在模拟器没有直接访问磁盘。 模拟器的使用是更好的,如果你的机器将运行ReactOS是你的主计算机或如果您有重要的数据在电脑上你不能失去。

如 果你决定ReactOS安装在一个磁盘驱动器包含现有的操作系统(比如Microsoft Windows  XP),您应该确保驱动器与文件系统格式化ReactOS可以访问和写入(现在主FAT32 /  FAT16分区),有足够的自由空间在开车,ReactOS可以安装(现在,> = 650 MB)。 此外,当前的硬件限制,ReactOS相比是限制必须识别和计算机系统(例如,ReactOS基本目标 USB 支持的 0.3.14 释放)。

一 旦确定可用的硬件和软件的情况可以选择安装介质。 例如,如果您的计算机包括一个ATA cd -  rom和IDE硬盘,不包含不可替代的数据,一个好的安装选项可能写的ISO映像ReactOS安装介质cd -  rw,继续在IDE硬盘安装ReactOS通过cd - rom。

限制

ReactOS效用和设置 引导加载程序 有很多的局限性。 最突出的是:

  • 一些ReactOS SATA控制器可能无法工作

  • 启动分区必须是第一个FAT16或FAT32分区磁盘上的

  • 设置实用程序不能检查文件系统的完整性

  • 设置实用程序不能防止用户执行危险和潜在破坏性的操作

得到ReactOS

由于项目的当前状态,ReactOS基金会不提供官方安装介质分布。 安装必须由用户创建cd - rom光盘通过编写一个可用的图像文件。


创建安装光盘

下载的ZIP格式的文件是一个压缩的档案文件,包含一个文件名为“ReactOS.iso”。 ISO映像都包含所有需要创建CD。

  • 提取的图像文件归档到一个临时目录中。

  • 燃烧的ISO映像cd - r或cd - rw使用您选择的任何软件。

燃烧的ISO光盘时,确保它被编写为一个图像文件。 写入光盘作为另一种类型的数据将不会工作,使安装光盘不能启动。 寻找一个选项类似于“从ISO烧”或“写磁盘映像”。

安装ReactOS

ReactOS设置期间经历了三个阶段。 前两个阶段处理系统的安装,而第三阶段是第一个可用的引导用户。

  • 第一阶段——文本模式设置,从ReactOS cd - rom启动时开始。

  • 第二阶段——启动GUI安装程序。 输入用户信息,注册文件。

  • 第三阶段——启动桌面,用户配置。

真正的硬件

  • 确保你的BIOS配置为从cd - rom引导。

  • ReactOS安装光盘插入cd - rom驱动器,重启你的电脑。 在下一个引导,ReactOS设置实用程序将开始。

  • 按照屏幕上的指令安装ReactOS在您的计算机上。

  • 安装完成后,将安装光盘从cd - rom驱动器和新闻 输入 重新启动你的电脑。 你现在可以开始ReactOS通过选择启动菜单。

USB安装

ReactOS也可以安装在一个USB闪存驱动器

虚拟机

虚拟机是一种软件程序,它提供了一个虚拟硬件平台。 软件指令,将运行在硬件现在被模拟器软件。 这允许您“运行”一个不同的计算机硬件和软件在你的电脑窗口。





Warning: Please bear in mind that ReactOS is still in alpha stage, meaning it is not feature-complete and is not recommended for everyday use.

Contents

1 System requirements

1.1 Hardware support

2 Before installing

2.1 Installation strategy

2.2 Limitations

3 Getting ReactOS

3.1 Downloading the image file

3.2 Creating the Installation CD

4 Installing ReactOS

4.3.1 See also

4.1 Real hardware

4.2 USB Installation

4.3 Virtual Machines

5 See also

System requirements

The minimum requirements to install ReactOS are:

RAM: at least 96 MB, recommended:  256 MB

Processor: x86 or x64 architecture, Pentium or later and compatibles; for more information see ReactOS ports

HDD: IDE/SATA with minimum 650 MB of free space on the primary partition (please note that some SATA controllers may not work with ReactOS)

FAT16/FAT32 primary boot partition

Video: VGA compatible video card (VESA BIOS version 2.0 or later)

Hardware support

ReactOS has limited hardware support. Lists of hardware that have been tested can be found at the following:

Supported Hardware

Before installing

There are several things to be made aware of before installing ReactOS, or even obtaining the installation media. These include how ReactOS will be installed, limitations of the installation, and backing up existing data.

Installation strategy

The first consideration to make is whether to install ReactOS on a dedicated testing machine or in a contained environment, such as running on an emulator without direct disk access. The use of an emulator is preferable if the machine on which you will run ReactOS is your primary computer or if you have important data on the computer which you cannot afford to lose.

If you decide to install ReactOS on a disk drive that contains an existing operating system (such as Microsoft Windows XP), you should ensure that the drive is formatted with a file system ReactOS can access and write to (now, primary FAT32/FAT16 partition) and that there is sufficient free space on the drive such that ReactOS can be installed (now, >=650 MB). Furthermore, the current hardware limitations to which ReactOS is constrained must be identified and compared to the target computer system (e.g. that ReactOS has basic USB support as of the 0.3.14 release).

Once the available hardware and software situation is determined the installation media can be selected. For example, if your computer includes an ATA CD-ROM and an IDE hard disk that does not contain irreplaceable data, a good installation option may be to write an ISO image of the ReactOS installation media to a CD-RW and proceed to install ReactOS on the IDE hard disk via the CD-ROM.

Limitations

The ReactOS setup utility and boot loader have a number of limitations. The most prominent are:

some SATA controllers may not work with ReactOS

the boot partition must be the first FAT16 or FAT32 partition on the disk

the setup utility cannot check the integrity of file systems

the setup utility does not prevent users from performing dangerous and potentially destructive operations

Getting ReactOS

Due to the current state of the project, the ReactOS Foundation does not offer official installation media for distribution. Installation CD-ROMs must be created by the user by writing an available image file to a CD-ROM.

Downloading the image file

Official ISO image files can be downloaded at one of the following locations:

The official Download page.

ReactOS trunk builds

ReactOS at SourceForge (ReactOS-0.4.0-REL-iso.zip)

Creating the Installation CD

The downloaded file is a compressed archive in ZIP format, containing a single file named "ReactOS.iso". The ISO image contains everything needed to create the CD.

Extract the image file from the archive into a temporary directory.

Burn the ISO image to a CD-R or CD-RW using any software of your choice.

When burning the ISO to disc, be sure it is written as an image file. Writing to the disc as another type of data will not work and render the Installation CD unbootable. Look for an option similar to "Burn from ISO" or "Write disk image".

Installing ReactOS

ReactOS goes through three stages during setup. The first two stages deal with the installation of the system, while the third stage is the first usable boot by the user.

First stage – Text mode setup, started when booting from a ReactOS CD-ROM.

Second stage – Booting to GUI installer. Input of user information and registering of files.

Third stage – Booting to desktop, user configurations.

Real hardware

Make sure your BIOS is configured to boot from the CD-ROM first.

Insert the ReactOS setup CD-ROM into a CD-ROM drive and reboot your computer. On the next boot, the ReactOS setup utility will start.

Follow the instructions on the screen to install ReactOS on your computer.

After the installation has finished, remove the setup CD-ROM from the CD-ROM drive and press Enter to reboot your computer. You can now start ReactOS by selecting it from the boot menu.

USB Installation

ReactOS can also be installed on a USB Flash drive using Rufus.  See the LiveUSB page for instructions.

Virtual Machines

A Virtual Machine is a software program that provides a virtual hardware platform. Software instructions that would be run on hardware are now interpreted by the emulator software. This allows you to "run" a different kind of computer hardware and its software in a window on your computer.

See also